Charles (1907–1978) and Ray Eames (1912–1988)

American designers and married couple, Charles Ormond Eames and Bernice Alexandra “Ray” Kaiser Eames, made significant historical contributions to the development of modern architecture and furniture.“Design is an expression of the purpose”saidCharles Eames.

Charles and Ray Eames.
Charles and Ray Eames


Designer lives

Charles Eames was born in1907in St. Louis,Missouri,where he attended school and developed an interest in engineering and architecture. He attendedWashington Universityon scholarship for two years and then, and began to work in an architectural office. In1936, he accepted the position of fellow at the Cranbrook Academy in Bloomfield Hills (Michigan), where he metRay Kaiser, the designer who’d became his wife and business partner for life. She was born in Sacramento,California, in1912; at the age of17, Ray moved to New York, where she studied painting at the Art Students League and then, she enrolled at the Cranbrook Academy. Charles and Ray married in1941and moved to California where they continued their furniture design work with molding plywood.

Charles & Ray Eames. The Power of Design.
Charles & Ray Eames. The Power of Design


During the war they were commissioned by the Navy to produce molded plywood splints, stretchers and experimental glider shells. In1946, Evans Products began producing the Eameses’ moldedplywood furniture三年后,, they designed and built their own home in California and it is considered one of themost importantpost-war residencesbuilt anywhere in the world. “Details are not details” said Charles, “They create the product“. Among themany prizes and awardsobtained by Charles and Ray Eames, among others: the Organic Furniture Competition; the Emmy Award (Graphics) and the Kaufmann International Design Award. He was a resolver of problems that encouraged experimentation among his staff. Charles once said that his dream was “to see people working on useless projects, because it is from these that new ideas sprout“.

Working for two

Charles and Ray preparing to leave Los Angeles with films for the 1959 American National Exhibition in Moscow.
Charles and Ray preparing to leave Los Angeles with films for the 1959 American National Exhibition in Moscow


One of the most famous work created by Charles & Ray Eames is undoubtedly the“Lounge Chair and Ottoman”: designed in1956, when Charles proposed to make an updated version of the old English club chair. Their aim was to createcomfortableandwell madelounge seating with the highest quality materials by using production techniques that combinetechnologyandhand-craftsmanship. This armchair islighter, more elegant and more modern than the previous club chairs; the lounge chair has 6-inch thick urethane foam cushions and rich and supple leather, which is a combination ofluxuryandmodernism, setting an enduring standard forcomfortandelegance. In addition, every piece of this lounge chair and ottoman ishand assembledwith a built-in swivel mechanism. This work of architecture is so important and successful that it is part of the permanent collection of New York’s Museum of Modern Art (MoMA).

Another masterpiece designed by Charles and Ray Eames is theDSW (Dowel-Leg Side)Eames Chair. The chair combines theelegance of designandScandinavian charm, thus offering an extremely “chic” result as well as an excellent trend for the home furniture. Thequality materialsand thesophisticated finishguarantee acomfortable seat. Charles and Ray Eames believed that “design was a method of action随着新马特里”,不断更新他们的工作als became available. Theirmolded plastic chairswere originally designed in metal and entered as a prototype in the 1950 MoMA international competition for low-cost furniture design. They then changed the fiberglass material in 1950, and today the chairs are made ofrecyclable polypropylene. Charles was dissatisfied with the fiberglass, and it was only after his death that the matte finish he desired was achieved, thanks to the progress of the materials. “The chair that Charles and Ray were planning“, explains the nephew Eames Demetrios, “is the chair that is made tomorrow.” Thedeep pocket of the seatand theedge of the waterfall seathelp you stay comfortable by reducing the pressure on the back of the thighs.

Eames stacking chair for children, on display at the Oakland Museum of California, 2018.
Eames stacking chair for children, on display at the Oakland Museum of California, 2018


Charles & Ray Eames’ Style

Eames plastic chairs
Eames plastic chair


Plastic Chair 1950 by Charles and Ray Eames.
Charles and Ray Eames – Plastic Chair 1950

Image source:

I think the hardest thing is not to lose sight of the overall picture to be able to analyze your work with a critical look.

Ray once said. The union of Charles and Ray was the perfect meeting oftwo creative minds, the marriage of their ideas that led toartistic innovationand thepowerful influenceof design. Their work has been infused with elements of their personalities and design beliefs, and simple details unite seamlessly. Both of them had a great sense of adventure and their curiosity, combined with astrong enthusiasm, allowed him to create many successful creations. The “Eames look” can be described as modern, playful and functional, beautifully simple and elegant.

The role of the designer is that of a very good, thoughtful host, all of whose energy goes into trying to anticipate the needs of his guests.

Charles Eames

Their words are like ameditationon the many facets of art and design.

Eames House entry
Eames House entry


Info sources:

Ads Blocker Image Powered by Code Help Pro

Ads Blocker Detected!!!

We have detected that you are using extensions to block ads. Please support us by disabling these ads blocker.