August Perret (1874-1954)

French Architect and Building Contractor Perret gained fame for his application ofreinforced concreteand ability to foresee new possibilities in architectural figurative expression.

August Perret (1874,1954), old picture: A black and white photo of Perret with his legs crossed, and a poster of a large building.
August Perret (1874,1954) old picture

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About His Life

Auguste Perret was born in Ixelles, Belgium in 1874. He was a prosperous builder’s son, and together with his brothers, Gustave and Claude, he inherited his father’s building company. Here, they experimented withreinforced concreteand for their first project, they created the first multistory concrete building. Quickly, the brothers established themselves as specialists in concrete design. Then, Perret entered theEcole des Beaux Arts in 1891, but never officially graduated because it would have negated his possibility to work as a contractor.

Auguste Perret (Musée Bourdelle, Paris): A bust of the architect in a dark stone.
Auguste Perret (Musée Bourdelle, Paris)

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His Major Works

Together with his brothers Gustave and Claude, Perret built (1903) at 25 rue Franklin in Paris, which was probably the first condominium designed forreinforced concreteconstruction. His garage onrue de Pontier (1905) shows how light and open an interior can be when the use of reinforced concrete minimizes the need for structural supports. Through the open frame, the garage demonstrates Perret’s concern for structural integrity.

Apartment at rue Franklin, Perret, 1903,  Paris, France- Auguste Perret.
Apartment at rue Franklin (1903) by Perret

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结构也有一个显著的特点the interior of his Parisian Théâtre des Champs Elysees (1913). He used thin vaulted roofs for his warehouses in Casablanca (1915) and elegant concrete arches for a garment factory in Paris (1919). The publicity caused by Perret’s creation of the Church of Notre Dame at Le Raincy (1922–23), near Paris, confirmed the innovative and progressive nature of his ideas and the enormous structural potential of reinforced concrete.

Notre-Dame du Raincy, 1922–23, Le Raincy, France.
Notre-Dame du Raincy (1922–23) Le Raincy, France.

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About His Style

Perret blended modern architecture withGothicforms. In contrast to modern theorists, he gave attention to detail and texture. He connected natural forms,classicalsymmetry and order, and the structural system of concrete. Although Perret viewed concrete as a superior form of construction to masonry, he viewed each element separately. Additionally, he did not use concrete to form a structural whole in the way suggested byLe CorbusierandWalter Gropius.

Tour Perret in Grenoble: A large, skinny tower in a light stone.
Tour Perret in Grenoble

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Other Buildings

  • Concert hall of theEcole Normale de Musique de Paris(1929)
  • Hotel Saint-Georges(1932) in Beirut, Lebanon
  • Extensions onEcole nationale superieure des Beaux-Arts(1945) in Paris, France
  • City Hall,St. Joseph’s Churchand reconstruction of the French city ofLe Havre(1949–1956) after more than 80,000 inhabitants were left homeless following the Second World War
  • Gare d’Amiens(1955)
  • Villa Aghionin Alexandria (partial attempted destruction, 28 August 2009. Destroyed by January 21, 2016)
  • Tour Perretin Grenoble
City Hall, St. Joseph’s Church (Le Havre): A zoomed-in photo of the tower on top of the church.
City Hall, St. Joseph’s Church (Le Havre)

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