Otto Wagner (1841-1918)

一个ustrian architect and designer Otto Wagner was one of the most prominent artists in Vienna at the turn of the 20th century.

Otto Wagner photo: profile in black and white.
Portrait of Otto Wagner

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一个bout His Life

Otto Koloman Wagner was born on July 13, 1841, in Vienna, Austria. In 1894, Wagner was appointed professor of architecture at the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts.一个mong his students were一个rt NouveauarchitectsJoseph Maria OlbrichandJosef Hoffmann.In his unusual inaugural lecture, he stated that he advocated for modern architecture in response to contemporary needs, and condemned stylistic imitation as inappropriate falsities. Additionally, his introductory lecture, embodied Wagner’s philosophy of architecture and design, was published as a book titled “Moderne Architektur,” the following year.

Then, in 1897, he joinedGustav Klimt,Joseph Maria Olbrich,Josef Hoffmann, andKoloman Moserafter founding the“Vienna Secession”art group. The ideas of this group, helped Wagner develop a style that symbolically referenced new forms of modernity.

Karlsplatz Station (1898-99) by Otto Wagner.
Karlsplatz Station (1898-99) by Otto Wagner

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Otto Wagner - apartments on Vienna's linke Wienzeile, along the Naschmarkt.-Vienna.
一个partments on Vienna’s linke Wienzeile designed by Wagner

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Major Works

  • Rumbach Street synagogue(1872): located in Budapest
  • Nussdorf weir and lock(1894): located in Vienna
  • Majolica House(1898–1899): located in Vienna
Majolica House (Majolikahaus), Vienna, 1898-99.
Majolica House in Vienna

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Majolica House close up photo, which showcases the elaborate floral designs along the side of the structure.
Majolica House, close up photo

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  • Postal Office Savings Bank Building(1894–1902): located in Vienna
  • Kirche am Steinhof(1903–1907): located in Vienna
  • Kirche am Steinhof
  • Viennese Wiener Stadtbahn: a metropolitan railway system
Kirche am Steinhof (Otto Wagner, 1907): Photo of a structure with a gold-dome roof and white walls.
Kirche am Steinhof (1907) by Otto Wagner

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Main facade of the Österreichische Postsparkasse (P.S.K.) building in Vienna.
Main facade of the Österreichische Postsparkasse (P.S.K.) building in Vienna

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The AustrianPostsparkasse(1904-06) that Wagner designed is often called his masterpiece, both aesthetically and technically. In addition, he conceived this building as a work of art, using not only the newest materials such asreinforced concreteandaluminum. Also, he designed the entire interior, which reveals his early functionalist tendencies and new methods of furniture-making.

Postsparkasse——奥托的创新内部Wagner’s early-20th-century Austrian Postal Savings Bank (Österreichische Postsparkasse).
Postsparkasse by Otto Wagner

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