Proust Armchair (1978)

Italian designerAlessandro Mendini’s 1978 Proust Armchair, realised in collaboration with the artist Franco Migliaccio, is one of the most iconic chairs of the last century. A precursor toPostmodernism, it was first put in production by the brand Magis.

Proust Armchair
The Proust Armchair by Alessandro Mendini, 1978.

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In1976Mendinibegan to think about a “Proust fabric”, a textile inspired by the literary and pictorial influences associated with French writerMarcel Proust. He was particularly inspired by the themes explored in the book seriesIn search of Lost Timeand was fascinated by the concept of re-planning an old, simple piece of design following memories and fascinations linked to literature. The idea remained unexploited until two years later when it was implemented in the designing process of the “Proust Armchair”.

The first version of the Proust Armchair inspired by art and literature of the late 19th century.
The first version of the Proust Armchair inspired by art and literature of the late 19th century

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Redesigning a Kitsch Armchair

In the second half of the 70s,Alessandro Mendinifound an armchair in afake 17th-century style, the perfect readymade for his literary-inspired ideas. At the same time, he was also fascinated by some details inSignac paintings, especially in its meadows, as well as by literature and combined all of these inputs in one action of design. The product of his work would be the Proust Armchair.

The chair thus created waspeculiarin several ways: first of all, it followed an improper input for the usual designing process, secondly, it represented aculturally validobjectcreated out of a fake one and lastly it was a piece of authentic design generated from akitscharmchair.

As a result,Mendini‘s best-known work is usually considered the first in a series known asRedesigns. The series brought together the designer’s academic theories on the importance ofhistorical contextfor design and the significance of surface appearance in a fast-moving world.

Details of the patterns for the textile of the Proust Armchair
Details of the patterns for the textile of the Proust Armchair, showing the influence of Signac’s paintings.

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First Exposition and Production

The first Proust Armchair was presented during the exposition “Incontri ravvicinati di architettura” (Close meetings with architecture) in Ferrara in 1978 and then showed at theVenice Biennale. This very first example of the chair is now part of the Guido Antonello collection in Milan.

In the following ten years, anotherfifteen armchairswere realised, all of these were handmade and their crafting was always supervised byMendini他自己。Today, these chairs can be found either in museums all around the world or as precious specimens in private collections.

After a short break, the Proust Armchair production resumed in 1989. The production has never ceased since then and is currently entrusted toClaudia Mendini, niece ofAlessandro, who paints every single armchair.

Alessandro Mendini signs one of his Proust Armchair.
Alessandro Mendini signs one of his Proust Armchair.

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Proust Armchair: Variations

The armchair has several variations:

In 1993Cappelliniproduced the “Proust Geometrica“, an armchair that preserved the form and geometry of the originalMendinichair but differed in fabric, decorations and colour.

Magisdesigned a version of the armchair entirely made ofpolyethyleneavailable in six different hues and suitable for exteriors.

In 2009Superego, with the approval of the author, sold a limited series ofceramic miniaturesof the Proust Armchair which were 40 cm high and in 2014Mendinimade a version entirely inCarrara marbleforRobot City.

Cappellini’s Proust Geometrica
Cappellini’s Proust Geometrica, a further evolution of the icon created by Alessandro Mendini.

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达ta Sheet

  • Designer: Alessandro Mendini;
  • Year of design: 1978;
  • Manufacturers: Atelier Mendini, Cappellini, Magis, Superego, Robot City;
  • 材料: armchair with hand-carved and hand-painted wooden frame, upholstered with fixed multicolour fabric matching the base colours.
Proust Armchair dimensions.
Proust Armchair dimensions.

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