Wiener Werkstätte – Vienna Workshop (1903-1932)

成立于1903年,维也纳工场制作(维也纳Workshop) became a successful enterprise and a community of visual artists from Austria, bringing together architects, artists, and designers.

Wiener Werkstätte Exhibition poster- by Josef Hoffmann, ca. 1905.
WW Exhibition poster (1905) by Josef Hoffmann

Image source: Library

Who foundedthe Style?

Around the year 1900, the city ofVienna was one of Europe’s leading cultural centers.In this context, the architectJosef Hoffmann, the graphic designer and painterKoloman Moserand the modern-minded patron Fritz Waerndorfer founded the now-famous Vereinigung für Kunsthandwerk (Arts and CraftsAssociation) Wiener Werkstätte.

Shop of the Wiener Werkstätte photo in black and white of the store front.
Shop of the Wiener Werkstätte

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About Wiener Werkstätte

This “productive cooperative of artisans” had to produce high-quality handicraft objects to satisfy every type of daily need (furniture, architecture,, glass, and clothing), in close contact between artists and consumers. The Wiener Werkstätte left a lasting mark on the history of design with its pioneering designs and the interdisciplinary goal of holistically penetrating all areas of life.

Palais Stoclet in Brussels, a Gesamtkunstwerk example of the Wiener Werkstätte.
Palais Stoclet in Brussels, aGesamtkunstwerkexample of the Wiener Werkstätte

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TheWiener Werkstätteaimed to renew applied arts and to embellish life using everyday objects designed by artists. Following British examples, the challenge was to offer simple and elegant one-of-a-kind items in response to the unprofitable and industrial replicas of past styles. For example, a teapot and a cupboard were designed with the same diligence and idealism.

Brass fruit-cup- 1925. cup made for the Weiner Werkstätte by Josef Hoffmann.
Brass fruit cup (1925) by Josef Hoffmann

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Everyday objects are elevated to masterpieces. All spheres of life should be homogeneously designed and do justice to modern culture. For a time, the Wiener Werkstätte products enjoyed enormous commercial success, which led to the creation of outlets in Karlsbad, Marienbad, Zurich, New York, and Berlin. Many of the best-known artists and architects of this period created works for the Werkstätte, including such names asGustav Klimt,Oskar Kokoschka,Egon Schiele,Josef Hoffmann, Dagobert Peche, Otto Prutscher,Koloman Moser, Ernst Lichtblau and Josef Frank.

Bowl - Josef Hoffmann- Bowl by Josef Hoffman, on display as part of the
Bowl by Josef Hoffman, on display in Ohio, USA

Image source: Evanson


In architectural commissions such as the Purkersdorf Sanatorium and the Palais Stoclet in Brussels, the style realized its ideal of Gesamtkunstwerk (total work of art). This is a coordinated environment in which everything designed is an integral part of the whole project.

Sanatorium Purkersdorf in Vienna: A large white buliding with 3+ floors and various windows.
Sanatorium Purkersdorf in Vienna.
the Sanatorium Purkersdorf- Garden side entrance: An additional photo of the plain white building.
Garden side entrance of The Sanatorium Purkersdorf

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